After a struggle for independence against the British Empire, Pakistan was created in 1947 under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south and some of the tallest mountains in the world in the north. Pakistan – with over 180 million citizens – is the world’s sixth largest country. This makes Pakistan the 34th largest country in the world. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is unique among Muslim countries as it is the only country to have been created in the name of Islam.
Pakistan today is a robust multi-party democracy. It maintains a federal parliamentary system. The head of state is an indirectly-elected President. The president is also the Commander in Chief of the Joint Armed Forces. Pakistan has the seventh largest army in the world. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is also indirectly elected.
Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy. The bulk of economic activity is situated along the Indus River and in rapidly growing cities such as Karachi. From textiles to IT, the Pakistani economy is one of the fastest growing in the world.